Feeding a Pregnant DogHome » Feeding a Pregnant Dog
Pregnancy in dogs lasts an average of 63 days. During pregnancy, its weight should increase by 20-25%, thus nutrition during pregnancy should be in best way especially, with high levels of nutrients, minerals and vitamins. It should be noted that your girl dog with puppies that plan, should be in excellent condition, it should have an optimal weight. Fitness and weight of females are reflected in the all course of pregnancy and also the health of upcoming puppies. We cannot forget that the growth period for a female organism huge burden with which the organism to cope and breeders are those who represent the biggest helper in successfully overcoming this period. Breeder - Women mother certainly know what they are talking about.
The first five weeks is not necessary to modify the ration or feeding method. Sufficient feeding is only 1x daily feed containing 26% protein. The principle is that female dog in the first half of pregnancy does not gain weight.
When is to switch from normal food for adult dogs for food for pregnant and lactating bitch.
The Second half of Pregnancy
From 5 Week fetus grow rapidly and female has already ceased to be able to meet the needs of the growing fetus heavily on ordinary diet. We should increase the amount of the feed, so that at the end of gestation the ration per day should be increased by 25-50% compared to a restorative dose of non-pregnant females. In practice, these increasing needs covered by increasing the daily ration of 10% per commenced week of pregnancy. Thus we should be able to achieve the maximum gain in term of physical confinement (e.g. 15 kg female has at the end of pregnancy had a maximum of l7 to l9 kg).
To achieve an increase of nutrients and energy in the diet, we go in the second half of gestation feeding standard (up to 26% protein) for feeding for pregnant and lactating dams (ballast dogs), which contain large amounts of protein and energy folder. Ideal for the beginning of the second half of pregnancy is feeding 2 to 3 times a day feed containing 30% protein.
From 50th day of pregnancy, the feeding should be administered for 3 to 5 times a day in small amounts to avoid excessive burden the digestive system volume feed, which could lead, for example vomiting.
The period just before birth is associated with restlessness and females 12-24 hour antenatal appetite. Also, even though their birth is very energy consuming is accompanied by loss of appetite. Female with a taste for chow usually returns to l0 hours after the expulsion of the last pup and his bedside. For the fastest return to eating the bitches try to enhance the palatability of feed, such as the presentation of meat broth or warm water moistened feed.
Vitamins and Supplements
During pregnancy it is important to provide the necessary doses of vitamins (A, E, B3, B12) as well as macro-and micronutrients, including the provision of suitable levels of calcium, phosphorus, zinc and iron.
Absence or deficiency of vitamin A in a pregnant female will produce early miscarriage and fetal mummification and their anomalies, as well as disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and decreased resistance to infections of fetuses.
Absence or deficiency of vitamin E may lead to mortality of fetal anomalies, degeneration of the skeletal muscles and heart and sometimes softening of the brain.
B12 deficiency can cause fetal malformations, increased fetal and neonatal mortality and anemia and stunted growth. Because the lack of water-soluble vitamins (the all except A, D, E and K) have a significant impact on fertility, it is a rich diet during the breeding animals of foods rich in these vitamins such as yeast, liver and vegetables. Wherein the addition of fresh beef liver to the feed should be 1 g / kg body weight per day and can be administered at most 2-3 times a week.
Macro and Micro Nutrients
Macro and micro nutrients mention especially zinc, iron, calcium and phosphorus. Demand for the last two increases in the last 35 days of pregnancy by 60%, due to the rapid growth of fetal bone.
Please note that excess intake of calcium in the form of supplements or ill-balanced food, may reduce the activity of the parathyroid glands and increase the female predisposition to maternal tetanus or longer during feeding. Both excess and deficiency of calcium in the diet of pregnant female is harmful the ratio of calcium to phosphorus should be 1, 1-1, 5:1.
In pregnancy there is an increased required for iron. Main source of iron in the body is food and the recovery of a substance in the course of extensive metabolism. Iron deficiency reduces the rate of growth, physical performance and reduces immunity and anemia offspring.
Another element is zinc, which is essential for the growth and development of the fetus. With its deficiency inhibits the growth and reproduction disorders and birth weight is small puppies.
The diet of the mother should also be rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially DHA, because it affects the normal development of the nervous system of puppies.
How to Feed a Lactating Bitch
The bitch requires extra nutrition in lactation period. During the first four weeks after birth the female eating enough to support her and his rapidly growing puppies as well. Extra energy and nutrient needs of its normal income is dependent on the size and age of puppies the litter.
Feed allocation must be increased gradually during the first four weeks of lactation according to female needs. To cover the increased needs of lactation feeding must be presented tasty, highly digestible, concentrated in a small feeding or ad libitum (ad libitum). Feeding must be available at night. There must be fresh water - important for milk production.
Milk production is influenced by the quantity and quality of protein in the diet, so the female should be fed a high quality dry food for pregnant and lactating dams.
The peak lactation (three to four weeks after birth), the female dog needs to eat a little more than four times its normal restorative needs. Fails to feed a sufficient amount of desired nutrients will nourish the female pups from their reserves, followed by weight loss and fitness.
If the Bitch is Not Able to Produce Enough Milk
Unless female able to produce enough milk or not to accept the volume of feed, which requires then we need to consider early artificial feeding puppies format of milk or porridge for puppies.
When is it Possible to Wean Puppies
Weaning litter can be done gradually, as sudden separation bitches and puppies can lead to inflammation of the udder (mastitis) in females and to slow the growth of puppies. Most dogs are becoming interested solid feeding aged about 3-4 weeks, although small amounts of soft feeding may be presented as early as two weeks.
Age at which it is accepted alternative feeding depends on litter size and the amount of females’ milk, but it is clear that the milk of female dog remains the primary source of nutrients to four weeks old baby. If they are able to eat puppies can be a girl dog dissociated from them for prolonged periods to reduce milk production. The shutdown may be complete between 6-8 weeks.
When and how to switch from feeding for pregnant and lactating females on normal diet
During weaning puppies gradually restrict feeding by females the normal dose received prior to pregnancy. She lost the female condition during lactation, served her feed rich in nutrients and energy until its former condition.