Yoranian - Feisty and SweetHome » Dog Breeds » Yoranian
The Yoranian is a small mixed dog whose parents are the Yorkshire Terrier and the Pomeranian. It is known by several different names such as Yorky Pom, Yoranian Terrier, Porkie, Yorkie Pom, or a Pomeranian/Yorkshire Terrier Mix. He is a toy cross breed and has a life span of 11 to 15 years. He is a feisty dog but he has a really sweet side too.
|Here is the Yoranian at a Glance|
|Average height||6 to 12 inches|
|Average weight||3 to 7 pounds|
|Coat type||Can be like either parent so silky and medium to long, or thick and fluffy undercoat with harsh outer|
|Hypoallergenic?||Can be if has Yorkie coat|
|Shedding||Low to moderate|
|Brushing||Daily if coat is kept longer|
|Tolerant to Solitude?||Low – can suffer from separation anxiety|
|Barking||Occasional to frequent|
|Tolerance to Heat||Moderate – not able to deal with very warm or hot climates|
|Tolerance to Cold||Moderate to very good depending on which coat he has|
|Good Family Pet?||Excellent|
|Good with Children?||Moderate – will need socialization and best with older ones|
|Good with other Dogs?||Moderate to good – will need socialization, challenges larger dogs|
|Good with other Pets?||Good to very good with socialization|
|A roamer or Wanderer?||Low to average|
|A Good Apartment Dweller?||Excellent due to size but barking will need training to control|
|Good Pet for new Owner?||Very good|
|Exercise Needs||Slightly to somewhat active|
|Tendency to get Fat||Moderate to above average – measuring food and giving daily exercise is a good idea|
|Major Health Concerns||Epilepsy, Eye Problems, Legg-Perthes, Patellar Luxation, Collapsed Trachea, PSS, Hypoglycemia,|
|Other Health Concerns||Allergies, Hip Dysplasia, Dental Problems, Reverse Sneezing|
|Life Span||11 to 15 years|
|Average new Puppy Price||$100 to $900|
|Average Annual Medical Expense||$435 to $535|
|Average Annual Non-Medical Expense||$570 to $670|
Where does the Yoranian come from?
The Yoranian is quite a popular designer dog because it combines two of the smaller purebreds and small dogs are in favor at the moment. It is a mixed dog but differ from a mutt as designer dogs are meant to be bred with thought, care and intent. However while that may be the case ideally and with good breeders, there are an awful lot of bad breeders in this field now because it is making them good money. Take care where you buy from. It is not known where and when the Yoranian was first bred and if there was a purpose other than creating another designer dog. We can look at the parents though to get a better feel for him.
In the northern countries there were Spitz breeds and it is thought the Pomeranian was bred from these dogs in Pomerania. Back then Pomeranians could weigh up to 30 pounds. They were a popular dog breed, you can find many famous people throughout history who were fans. They came to England in 1761 and at that time were over 20 pounds. While popular in the royal family and with nobility they were not so with the public. In the Victorian era things changed though, Queen Victoria loved them after she saw one weighing 12 pounds. It is believed this inspired the breeding of small Pomeranians amongst English breeders. During the early 20th century the breed was stabilized at the present normal weight of 7 to 15 pounds.
The Pomeranian today is a very extroverted dog who is smart, lively and outgoing. He loves socializing, meeting people, family events and expects to be central to it all. He does have that small dog tendency of challenging bigger dogs so does need watching around them. He is alert, curious and a great watchdog. He does tend to bark a lot so early socialization and training are key to controlling this.
The Yorkshire Terrier
In England in the mid 19th century Scottish workers came looking for work in Yorkshire bringing with them a dog called the Paisley Terrier or Clydesdale Terrier. They were used for catching rats and mice around the mills. These were crossed with other terriers and in 1861 we see the first Yorkshire Terrier in a show called a broken haired Scotch Terrier. In 1870 they started to refer to them as Yorkshire Terriers because that is where most of the breeding and development had happened. In America the earliest record of one being born there is in 1872.
Today the Yorkie as they are often referred to is a confident and clever small dog with quite an intrepid spirit. They can have a range of personalities, some are more cuddly, some are more active, some are mischievous. One thing most Yorkies have in common though is if you spoil them too much they can become quite a handful!
The Yoranian is a very playful, energetic but loving and sweet little dog. He is very happy and friendly, loves it when it is time to be social and he gets lots of attention. He is affectionate and likes to lick people on the face to express it! He has a very engaging feistiness to him but he is also a clever dog too. He is a good dog as a companion to singles or couples, the elderly or families too. He does not like to be left alone for long periods of time and can suffer from separation anxiety.
What does the Yoranian look like
This is a small dog weighing 3 to 7 pounds and standing 6 to 12 inches tall. He has a compact body if he is more like the Pom, but can be more fragile like if more like the Yorkie. It has upright ears and a long tail that often is held curled over his back. His coat can be medium to long in length, single and silky like the Yorkies or double coated, soft and thick undercoat with a harsh and puffy outer coat. Common colors are brown, black, white, tan, red and blonde.
Training and Exercise Needs
How active does the Yoranian need to be?
The Yoranian is a slightly to somewhat active dog, given its size while it has lots of energy and loves to play, it does not add up to being hard to keep happy and healthy. A lot of activity happens with his indoor play and for that reason and its size he is a great apartment dog. He does not need a yard but would be happy if he has one. He still needs to get out at least a couple of times a day on a couple of short walks. Have some toys and puzzles for him to play with too so that he is stimulated mentally as well.
Does he train quickly?
He is moderately easy to train being intelligent and happy to spend time with you. Results will be gradual as he can be a bit stubborn, just be patient, firm but fair and use positive techniques. Offer him praise for his achievements, stay calm and be consistent. Treats are a great motivator and keeping the sessions short but sweet is a good idea! As soon as he comes home you should begin socialization with him. A well socialized dog is happier and more confident, and his owner is too. As this can be a yappy dog sometimes it is a good idea for training to include commands to control his barking, especially if you are in an apartment or have close neighbors. This dog can be prone to developing Small dog syndrome if you let him get his own way all the time and that can be difficult to deal with and correct.
Living with a Yoranian
How much grooming is needed?
The amount of shedding and grooming is dependent to a certain degree on the type of coat he has. A Yorkie's coat does not shed much and needs daily or every other day brushing to keep it from tangling. A coat more like the Pom's does shed a moderate amount and will need brushing at least a couple of times a week using a wire slicker brush and a metal comb. Either coat also needs regular trips to a groomers for trimming. Either way bathing should be approached the same way. Only shampoo and bathe when he really needs it so that you do not damage his natural oils.
Other needs will include trimming his nails when they get too long. This is not as simple as trimming your own nails, dog nails are different. You do not want to cut too low. If you intend to do it yourself make sure you read up on it, otherwise have the groomer do it for you. He will also need his teeth brushed at least 3 times a week if possible and his ears checked weekly for infection and then wiped clean. There are dog ear cleansers you can buy for this task.
What is he like with children and other animals?
With socialization and if raised with them he can be good with children, loves to play and is affectionate too. However he is best around older children because he is small and young children are not as gentle as they need to be, or as careful. Also the Yoranian can get irritated easily and does not like being startled or teased and may snap. As mentioned he has a tendency to challenge dogs larger than him so needs supervision as well as socialization. He can get along fine with other pets but some can have a high prey drive.
This is an alert dog and should bark to alert you if there is an intruder. He is territorial so though small some do act to defend their home too. He will need to be fed ¼ to ½ a cup of a good quality dry dog food each day, that being then divided into at least two meals. Some Yoranians are fussy with their food especially over dry food so you may have to try a few brands to get one yours likes. He should be eating a dog food for small breeds. He is an occasional to frequent barker.
For the most part this is a healthy mixed dog but there is always the possibility of inheriting issues from either of the parents. These could include Epilepsy, Eye Problems, Legg-Perthes, Patellar Luxation, Collapsed Trachea, Allergies, Hip Dysplasia, Dental Problems, PSS, Hypoglycemia and Reverse Sneezing.Advertisement
Costs involved in owning a Yoranian
A Yoranian puppy is going to cost anywhere from $100 from a shelter or backyard breeder up to $900 though a high price certainly does not indicate a good breeder so take the time to do your research. He will need a crate, a carrier, leash and collar, bowls and bedding and these things will cost about $120. You should also take him to a vet for an examination where they can also draw blood tests, deworm him, vaccinate, micro chip and neuter. This will cost about $280. Medical yearly costs for basics like flea prevention, shots, check ups and pet insurance will come to around $435 to $535. Other yearly costs like basic training, grooming, toys, food, treats and license come to about $570 to $670.
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The Yoranian is a cute dog and is certainly a great companion and lap dog if you are looking for that kind of pet. He will cuddle with and also want to play, but his exercise needs are easy to meet for most people. He is not especially super with kids without help so may be best in a home with an older owner, or couple, or at least a home with older children.Advertisement