Irish TerrierHome » Dog Breeds » Irish Terrier
The Irish Terrier is a medium sized purebred from Ireland and was bred originally to hunt vermin and den animals like water rats and otters. It is one of the oldest terrier breeds around and a writer once wrote about as being a “poor man’s sentinel, the farmer’s friend, and the gentleman’s favorite.” Today it does well as a watchdog, is still used in vermin control and makes a great companion for the right homes. It also does well in dog shows for things like retrieving, tracking and hunting and is used successfully in the military and police.
|The Irish Terrier at A Glance|
|Other names||Irish Red Terrier|
|Average weight||25 to 40 pounds|
|Average height||17 to 19 inches|
|Life span||12 to 15 years|
|Coat type||Harsh, dense, rough, wiry|
|Popularity||Somewhat popular – ranked 118th by the AKC|
|Intelligence||Average – understands new commands with 25 to 40 repetitions|
|Tolerance to heat||Very good – can handle even hot weather just nothing extreme|
|Tolerance to cold||Very good – can handle even very cold climates just not extreme|
|Shedding||Minimal – does not leave a lot of hair around the home|
|Drooling||Low – not prone to slobber or drool|
|Obesity||Moderate – make sure it gets enough physical activity|
|Grooming/brushing||High maintenance – needs a lot of brushing|
|Barking||Frequent – will need training to stop on command|
|Exercise needs||Fairly active – needs daily exercise and a fair amount of it|
|Trainability||Moderately easy – though can have stubborn side|
|Friendliness||Very good with socialization|
|Good first dog||Moderate – best with experienced owners|
|Good family pet||Excellent with socialization|
|Good with children||Excellent with socialization|
|Good with other dogs||Low – needs socialization and supervision at all times|
|Good with other pets||Moderate to good with socialization|
|Good with strangers||Good with socialization|
|Good apartment dog||Moderate – size means could adapt but best in a home with a yard|
|Handles alone time well||Moderate – does not like being left alone for long periods|
|Health issues||Quite a healthy breed but some issues include hip and elbow dysplasia, eye problems, hypothyroidism, and hyperkeratosis|
|Medical expenses||$460 a year for pet insurance and basic medical care|
|Food expenses||$145 a year for a good quality dry dog food and dog treats|
|Miscellaneous expenses||$535 a year for license, toys, miscellaneous items, grooming and basic training|
|Average annual expenses||$1140 a year as a starting figure|
|Cost to purchase||$800|
|Rescue organizations||Several including the Irish Terrier Club of America|
|Biting Statistics||None reported|
The Irish Terrier's Beginnings
The Irish Terrier is one of the oldest terriers and comes from Ireland, first noted in County Cork. Its ancestors are thought to date back to 2000 years ago but not much is really known about its beginnings. There are theories that suggest it descends from other back and tan terriers types like the Irish Soft Haired Wheaten Terrier and the Kerry Blue or the Scottish Terriers even. It was bred to hunt vermin and den animals and the main focus then was not on its looks but on making it hardy and game and bold. The earliest reference we can find on the dog we are familiar with today, is from paintings dating in the 1700s. It is the only terrier with an all red coat but it did not start out like that. In those paintings it can be seen to have several colors such as brindle, black and tan and grey. It was not until the end of the 1800s that the all red color became the prevalent one.
In 1873 Dublin's dog show gave Irish Terriers a separate class, and one in Glasgow in 1875 was when they first appeared under the name Irish Terrier. The 1880s saw a huge surge in popularity for the breed and it became the 4th most popular dog breed in Ireland and in the UK. The English Kennel Club recognized it as native to Ireland, the first terrier-type to be recognized so. It was also around this time that its popularity in the US rose and it was recognized by the AKC in 1885 though its breed club, the Irish Terrier Club of America was not formed until 1896.
With World War I the breed demonstrated its courage and value as it was used successfully as a sentinel, retriever and messenger. Many received praise for their loyalty and bravery, Lt. Col. E. H. Richardson said, "Many a soldier is alive today through the effort of one of these Terriers.... They are extraordinarily intelligent, faithful, and honest, and a man who has one of them as a companion will never lack a true friend." After the war it remained a popular dog in Britain and in the US and that carries through till the 1960s. However from then its popularity went into decline, for no apparent reason.
New Lease on Life
While its popularity waned there are still a number of fans and its numbers might be low but it is not at risk. It was used in a 2007 movie Firehouse Dog which gave it a boost in the US especially. Today it ranks 118th in the AKC it has slowly been climbing the ranks over the last few years.
It was actually the Irish Terrier that led to a huge change in how many dogs appeared then and today. At the time it was common to crop the ears of terriers and several other breeds. In 1889 though the Irish Terrier Club made a rule that dogs born after a certain date were no longer allowed to have their ears cropped if they wanted to be shown in dog shows. There was quite an uproar about it in dog circles but people complied and it actually led to the eventual banning of all ear cropping in any dog in Great Britain.
The Dog You See Today
The Irish Terrier is a medium sized dog weighing 25 to 40 pounds and standing 17 to 19 inches tall. It is a bit longer than it is tall with straight and muscular front legs. Its shape is rectangular and it has a deep chest. It is a powerful dog but is not overly heavy or sturdy. Its tail is docked to ¾ length in places where that is still allowed. However in its homeland and much of Europe tail docking is no longer allowed. Its tail is set fairly high but should not curl over the back or sides of its body. Its coat is dense, wiry, harsh and rough. It lies close to its body and comes in shades of red, or wheaten. Its undercoat is soft. On its face are a beard and long whiskers. Some have small white patches on the chest. A puppy can be born black and then change color as it grows.
This dog's head is long and between the ears it is flat. Those ears are V shaped and fold to the eye's corners. Sometimes its ears need help to form correctly but not all have that problem and it is only necessary for show dogs. They tend to be darker in color than the rest of the coat. It has a black nose and its eyes are small and dark brown. It has bushy eyebrows along with the mentioned beard and whiskers.
The Inner Irish Terrier
Irish Terriers make great watchdogs. They are alert and will bark to let you know if an intruder is trying to get in. It also is fearless and bold and has protective instincts so will act to defend you and its home. This is not the best breed for new owners as experience really helps in handling it well. It is a bold dog, intelligent and energetic, loyal and fierce. It is devoted to its family and is a hard worker if being kept in a working role. It does have an independent side that can make it more stubborn and willful. With their family they can be sweet, affectionate, funny and entertaining too. It enjoys life and loves its people, it is also good tempered, curious and adaptable.Advertisement
This is one of the most bold terriers there are but with strangers it is aloof and vigilant until it is sure of them. It is important it has early socialization to make sure it stays controlled. It is a confident breed and will need owners who make it clear what the pecking order is and where it is in that. It can handle short periods alone but would not be happy being left alone for a long time. It should be a part of family activities. While this is a lively and active breed it should not be hyperactive, if it is acting that way it may be that it is not getting enough care or stimulation. Indoors it should happy to relax and not always be bouncing around. That being said when it is a puppy it does bounce around a fair bit!
Living with an Irish Terrier
What will training look like?
Irish Terriers are moderately easy to train for people with experience. You should start the training and the socialization as soon as you get it home, the younger a dog is the more it can soak up and the less stubborn it has learned to be! It likes to be challenged and is eager to please and intelligent. Use positive things to motivate and reward it like treats, praise and encouragement. Keep the sessions interesting and engaging and short too. Be consistent, firm and make it clear your rules are meant to be followed at all times. It needs strong owners not meek ones but that does not mean it will accept harshness or physical punishment. It is sensitive and will bulk at such treatment. It can be independent and stubborn so some experience training terriers will certainly help.
While basic obedience training should go quite well, and you should consider taking it further to give it mental stimulation, house breaking may take longer than expected. Draw up a routine and stick with it. Along with basic training and house training make sure you socialize your dog too. Early socialization means introducing it to different people, sounds, locations, situations, animals and so on to get it used to them. Dogs that are well socialized grow to be more confident and happy and are more trustworthy too.
How active is the Irish Terrier?
Irish Terriers are fairly active dogs so need to be in homes with active owners. It can adapt to apartment living if it gets enough daily exercise but does best in a home with even just a small to average yard. Tow or three 20 to 30 minute walks should be enough along with play time and off leash time. It can join joggers at a moderate pace with some training. This is an intelligent dog with an active mind so just as important as physical activity is ensuring it has mental stimulation too. If it does not get enough of both it is liable to find its own amusement often by shredding or destroying things, becoming hyperactive and difficult to control, and more vocal.
It likes to swim and be in water and it loves to dig and explore. Take it to the dog park for safe off leash time if you think yours can handle being around strange dogs. Otherwise find somewhere else to safely let it run free now and then, and to play doggy games with you. Do not take if off leash on your regular walks or it will chase off after moving things. For the same reason make sure the yard is well fenced in, they are very good diggers and jumpers so could escape either way.
Caring for the Irish Terrier
There is quite a lot of care involved in grooming and maintaining the Irish Terrier if it is being kept to show standards. Its wiry coat will need professional stripping now and then particularly if it is a show dog. It does not shed a great deal at all so there is not a lot of hair around the home. It is a dog that could be good for people with allergies though if that is a concern, always check first before buying. Brush weekly at least using a slicker brush or stiff bristled brush and if you opt to have the coat clipped rather than stripped note that it could change the texture of the coat. Only give it a bath when it is needed, if you do it too often it will damage the natural oils it needs in its skin. That can lead to skin problems.Advertisement
Other needs include trimming its nails when they get too long. There are proper nail clippers for dogs you can use and you should take the time to learn about dog nails. There is a part of the nail that should not be cut into as it will hurt and lead to bleeding. Have the groomer or vet teach you or have them do it for you. Its teeth should be brushed two to three times a week for good dental and gem health. Once a week its ears should be checked for swelling, wax build up or irritation in case of infection. They should also be cleaned by wiping them down with a warm wet cloth, or a cotton ball and ear cleanser solution. DO not insert anything into the ears, this could do a lot of damage and hurt your dog.
Feed your Irish Terrier about 1 to 1 1/2 cups of a good quality dry dog food a day, split into two meals. The amount can vary from one terrier to another depending on its metabolism, level of activity, age, health and build.
How is the Irish Terrier with children and other animals?
The Irish Terrier is excellent with children with socialization and especially when raised with them, but it is not at all good with other dogs, and socialization is also needed for helping it be better around other pets and small animals. Its energy and liveliness and playfulness makes a great companion and play mate for children and it can handle a certain amount of rough housing too. It is bold, curious and loves to join the kids for a great adventure. It is a good idea to supervise interactions with young children though and teach them how to approach dogs, how to touch them and not to pull at.
Around other pets socialization is crucial. It has high prey instincts and cannot be fully trusted around non-canine animals like cats, rabbits and so on. It is not a dog that is good at distinguishing between family pets and strange creatures outside. If it sees something fleeing those chase and seize instincts are triggered. Around other dogs socialization and close supervision is essential and it needs strong leadership from its owner. Even with socialization this is not a dog that is happy around other dogs so care needs to be taken in places like a dog park. It is especially aggressive with other dogs of the same gender.
What Might Go Wrong?
This dog has a life span of 12 to 15 years and is a fairly healthy breed but there are a few issues it can suffer from. They include muscular dystrophy, eye problems, hyperkeratosis, hip dysplasia and hypothyroidism.
In reports of dog attacks against people causing bodily harm over 35 years in North America, there is no mention of the Irish Terrier. However it is not that common there so odds of those incidents are much reduced. This breed does have an aggressive side, but it veers towards animals and other dogs not people. It is not likely to act a person, but any breed has the potential of doing it and that should be remembered. Socialization, training, proper care and attention and enough mental and physical activity are also important in it being stable and trustworthy. This dog needs very firm owners and to know its place in the pecking order. With these things in place you can reduce the odds though not remove them completely.
Your Pup’s Price Tag
A puppy Irish Terrier is going to cost around $800 from a decent breeder for pet quality dogs. From a top breeder and looking at show quality dogs you can pay a lot more, sometimes even triple that amount or more. While the chances of finding a purebred in a shelter or rescue are low for this breed, you may find mixed dogs that need a new home and are well worth a consideration if you are not intending to show your dog. Under 350 new puppies are registered in the US each year compared to around 60,000 Golden Retrievers. Never use puppy mills, pet stores or back yard breeders, even if the idea of avoiding a waiting list is tempting. These are not places we should be helping stay in business.Advertisement
When you have your puppy or dog there are some initial costs to pay out for medical procedures and for items you need at home. Take it to a vet as soon as you can so it can have a physical examination, have blood tests done, be dewormed, micro-chipped, spayed or neutered and have its vaccinations updated. This will cost about $270. For things at home like a crate, carrier, collar and leash, bowls and so on you can expect to pay about $200.
Then there are also ongoing costs with dog ownership. It will need to be fed, and you should use a good or excellent quality dog food as it is more nutritious for the dog. This and dog treats will cost about $145 a year. For pet insurance and basic medical needs like shots, flea and tick prevention and check ups you can expect to pay about $460 a year. For miscellaneous costs like basic training, toys, license, grooming and miscellaneous items expect to pay $535 a year. This gives an annual starting figure of $1140.
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The Irish Terrier is a spirited and fiery dog with a lot of confidence, attitude and character. It makes a great companion for strong and experienced owners but does need socialization and training and supervision with other animals and dogs. Owners will need a lot of patience and a sense of humor! It loves to be around people though and gets along well with children. It is loyal, affectionate and devoted to its family. Just be prepared for holes in the yard and some mischief around the house!