EurasierHome » Dog Breeds » Eurasier
The Eurasier is a medium to large purebred from Germany and was developed only 50 years or so ago to be a companion dog. It is a Spitz type breed being a mix of the Asian and European Spitz dogs. Once known as the Wolf Chow it is also called the Eurasian. Its name reflects that mixed heritage. It is treasured by owners not just for its good looks but also for the devotion, loyalty and friendliness it has. It is best suited for experienced or strong willed owners though. It is a good family pet as well as being suitable as a companion for singles or couples. It has a life span of 12 to 14 years.
|The Eurasier at a Glance|
|Other names||Wolf-Chow, Eurasian|
|Average size||Medium to large|
|Average weight||40 to 65 pounds|
|Average height||18 to 24 inches|
|Life span||12 to 14 years|
|Coat type||Long, thick double coat.|
|Color||All colors and color combinations are permitted with the exception of pure white, white patches or liver color.|
|Popularity||Not yet a fully registered member of the AKC|
|Tolerance to heat||Low – will need special care in any kind of heat|
|Tolerance to cold||Good – can handle some cold weather nut not extreme cold|
|Shedding||Average to high – seasonal, expect hair around the home|
|Drooling||Moderate– not especially prone to slobber or drool|
|Obesity||Average – Measures its food and make sure its well exercised|
|Grooming/brushing||Average to high – will need almost daily brushing during seasonal shedding and then two to three times a week at other times|
|Barking||Occasional – does bark but it should not be frequent|
|Exercise needs||Fairly active – needs owners who can be too|
|Friendliness||Very good to excellent with socialization|
|Good first dog||Average – does best with experienced owners|
|Good family pet||Very good with socialization|
|Good with children||Very good with socialization|
|Good with other dogs||Very good – requires socialization|
|Good with other pets||Good to very good – requires socialization|
|Good with strangers||Moderate to good – need socialization, while not aggressive are quite wary and take a long time to warm up to strangers|
|Good apartment dog||Good, though would love a yard|
|Handles alone time well||Low – can suffer from separation anxiety|
|Health issues||Fairly healthy but some issues include Hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, patella luxation, eye problems and thyroid problems|
|Medical expenses||$485 a year for basic health care and pet insurance|
|Food expenses||$270 a year for a good quality dry dog food and doggy treats|
|Miscellaneous expenses||$245 a year for license, miscellaneous items, toys and basic training|
|Average annual expenses||$1000 as a starting figure|
|Cost to purchase||$1,500|
|Rescue organizations||United States Eurasier Club Rescue, Edelweiss Eurasiers, North Star Eurasiers|
|Biting Statistics||None reported|
The Eurasier's Beginnings
The Eurasier is a recently developed breed from Germany bred in the 1950s. Thanks to carefully kept records a lot more is known about its breeding than old dog breeds. A German called Julius Wipfel had a black Spitz type dog that he greatly loved for its intelligent, wolfiness and independence. When it died in the 1960s he looked for a new dog and got a German Wolfspitz who was great and easy to live with but not as wolfy or primitive. Wipfel decided he needed to make a new Spitz type dog, one that have the wolf behavior but was also great as a family dog. By the end of the 1960s he had a goal for his breeding program, he was looking for a medium sized dog that was attractive, calm, adaptable, even tempered and able to get along well with children.
Wipfel took the German Wolfspitz as the base for his new dog, it was attractive, could handle difficult weather, had a good life span, was very intelligent and loyal. He also liked the dog because it has good fertility and a low prey instinct. Wipfel also had interest in the Chow Chow, it was devoted, primitive, calm and did not bark a lot, so he wanted to cross the two breeds. As a result he named the new dog Wolf-Chow. In 1961 he formed the Canine Breeding Association for Wolf-Chow-Northern Dogs or in German the Kynologische Zuchtgemeinschaft fuer Wolf-Chow-Polarhunde. By 1966 he had registered with the government and the first standard was written. He focused on health and temperament rather than color. It became popular and several well known breeders also took on the breed. However despite their best efforts because of the small gene pool there was bad inbreeding and health and temperament problems evolved.
New Lease on Life
Due to the problems the breed was facing and the rough temperament that seemed to be developing Wipfel decided to bring new blood to the Wolf-Chow. The Samoyed was chosen and in 1972 the crossing started. They were a success, the Wolf-Chow improved and a new standard was written in 1974. Around the same time the German Kennel Club and FCI were ready to recognize the breed but wanted the name changed. Wipfel changed it to Eurasier and because of a bit of confusion it also became known as the Eurasian too. The breed club was officially renamed too and through the 20th century its popularity in Germany grew, but it also was gaining some attention from other countries especially in Western Europe, due to its FCI recognition. The IFEZ was formed to make breeding the dog around the world easier and a new standard was agreed upon on 1994.
There has been no recognition from the AKC as of yet. Most of the dogs sent to North America were to Canada because the colder climate suits them better. The CKC recognized them in 1995. Some did go to the US though, it is estimated there are about 450 dogs in North American, 150 of which are in the US. In 1996 the UKC recognized them and the USEC (United States Eurasier Club) was formed. Most Eurasiers are companion dogs or show dogs but a small number have proven to be good at being a therapy dog and in sports like agility and obedience. There is an estimated 6450 Eurasiers in the world, 6000 of which are in Europe. While it is a rare breed it has a lot of interest and it looks like it has a good future ahead of it.
The Dog You See Today
The Eurasier is a medium to large sized dog weighing 40 to 65 pounds and standing 18 to 24 inches tall. Its body is longer than it is tall and is a sturdily built dog very similar in looks to other Spitz types. They are often mistaken by Americans as a Chow mix of some kind. Its tail is fairly long and it can hold it over its back, curled or straight. Its double coat is fluffy, dense and medium to long. Its undercoat is soft, short and thick and the outer coat is looser. On the face, ears, front of the legs and muzzle the hair is short, on the thighs, back of the legs and tail it is flowingly long. All most all color combinations are accepted apart from white, or liver or white patched dogs. These still make fine pets but are not allowed in dog shows.
It has a wedge shaped head and can vary in which it looks more like the Chow Chow or the Wolfspitz. Its head is in proportion to the rest of it and its muzzle is straight and tapers a little to the end, some with wide ones like the Chow Chow and some with narrow ones like the Wolfspitz. Its nose is black and medium sized. It has a blue black tongue and its ears are pricked, triangular and medium sized with tips that are somewhat rounded. The eyes are dark, medium sized and should not be hidden by its hair.Advertisement
The Inner Eurasier
This is an intelligent and independent dog that is generally calm and quiet when inside and then energetic and playful when out. It is not a super active dog though, once it has its exercise it is happy to be chilled out. It is not an aggressive dog either but it will be aloof with strangers, it is alert and will let you know if there is someone approaching or breaking in. it is not though a good guard dog. It can take a while for it to warm up to new people so allow it some time to get to know them. With its family though its very affectionate, loyal and forms very close bonds. It will want to be included in family activity, it will demand a certain level of attention and will not be happy being left alone for long periods, in fact it can suffer from separation anxiety.
Often breeds that are devoted will form attachments more with one person over the others but in this case the dog will bond very closely to its whole family. It is not a super clingy dog though, while it will prefer to be in the same room as someone it won't get under your feet all the time, it would be content to just be across the room from you while you get on with things. It can be quite entertaining sometimes and is great at what it was bred to be, a companion.
Living with an Eurasier
What will training look like?
The Eurasier is an intelligent dog that is eager to please and ends up being moderately easy to train when you take into account it does have an independent side to it to balance that. It takes an owner with some experience or at least confidence, strong leadership, patience and consistency. It will respond a lot better to positive training methods, using treats, motivation, rewards and giving it encouragement. Keep training sessions short and engaging so it does not get bored and lose interest. When it understands its place in the pack it will be more cooperative and actually happier. As well as doing early training you also need to start its socialization early too. Socialization is very important for the Eurasier to make sure its wariness does not turn to fear. Introduce it to different people, places, animals, dogs, situations and even sounds from a young age so it learns how to deal with them.
How active is the Eurasier?
It is a somewhat active dog but nothing excessive, expect to give it at about 45 minutes a day, that should include two walks and some physical play time with you. It will also need mental stimulation to keep its mind occupied. It would also like to have some occasional time off leash somewhere safe to run. It can adjust to apartment life fine as long as it gets outdoor time every day but it does like having a yard to explore in. When indoors it tends to be calm, but like any dog if it does not get the physical exercise needed to keep it healthy it can become destructive, loud and hard to live with.
Caring for the Eurasier
Understandably a look at its thick coat and you might assume it is going to be very high maintenance but in fact it is pretty much average in its needs apart from when it is shedding seasonally which is heavy and needs daily brushing. At these times the hair around the home is excessive and needs a lot of work to clear up. At other times it sheds an average amount so brushing should be done a couple of times a week. It does not require professional grooming unless you opt to have the coat trimmed. If you do not want any hair in the home it is not a good breed for you. It should be bathed just when needed, nothing too frequent. Over bathing or using products not for canines on your dog will damage the natural oils it needs in its skin.Advertisement
Other grooming requirements include keeping its teeth and gums in good health by brushing at least two to three times a week using a dog toothbrush and toothpaste. Its ears need to be cleaned once a week just by wiping where you can reach with a damp cloth or cotton ball dipped in a dog ear cleansing solution. Never by inserting anything into the ears as that can cause permanent damage and really hurt it. This is also a good time to check there are no ear infection signs like redness, bad odor, discharge and such. Then its nails will need to be clipped when they get too long, taking care not to cut too far down the nail and only using proper dog nail cutting tools. Halfway down the nerves and blood vessels reach and cutting them would hurt your dog and cause a lot of bleeding.
It will need to be fed about 2¼ to 4¼ cups of a good quality dry dog food a day, split into at least two meals. The amount varies between different dogs depending on their size, rate of metabolism, health, level of activity and age. Also make sure it has access to water that is changed as often as you can.
How is the Eurasier with children and other animals?
Around children it is good, friendly, playful and affectionate too. Early socialization is needed and being raised with them helps too. Older children can be left with them fine but younger ones should be supervised just because they do not yet know how to touch and play carefully. Since some can be possessive of their belongings children also need to be taught not snatch things off the dog is that is the case. Compared to other Spitz type dogs this is one of the more tolerant ones. It can get along well with other pets with socialization and most are able to live with cats and such fine, but some have issues with strange animals outside like squirrels. It can also get along well with other dogs and likes the company in fact. Dog aggression is rare but those times it does happen will be about dominance issues between two males that have not been fixed.
What Might Go Wrong?
The Eurasier will live for about 12 to 14 years though some can be found reaching 15 or 16 years. It is fairly healthy but there are a few issues such as joint dysplasia, patella luxation, eye problems, thyroid problems and some can be fussy eaters!
In reports covering dog attacks causing bodily harm against people in North America over the last 35 years, there have been no mention of the Eurasier. It is not an aggressive breed at all so even though its number are low and so it is unlikely to be mentioned, it still is not a dog known to be people aggressive. But like any breed it can have off days, so take care of certain things. Make sure it is physically exercised and mentally stimulated, that it is trained and socialized, and that you give it enough attention.
Your Pup’s Price Tag
An Eurasier puppy when bought from a decent breeder with a good reputation will likely cost somewhere around $1500. For a puppy from a top breeder perhaps of show dog quality that might even cost more. Being rare finding breeders is harder especially outside of Europe. It is likely you will be placed on a waiting list so be prepared for that. It can be tempting to look into less desirable breeders like puppy mills, pet stores or backyard breeders but these are not people you should be buying from. Another option is to adopt from a rescue or from a local shelters, fees normally range from $50 to $400.Advertisement
When you have found your dog there are some things it will need like a crate, collar and leash, carrier, bowls and such and these will cost about $240. Then when it is home it will need a visit to a vet for some tests and procedures. Things like deworming, a physical exam, spaying or neutering, shots, micro chipping, blood tests and such will be about $290.
Then there are ongoing costs to be aware of. The yearly estimated cost for basic health care like tick and flea prevention, vaccinations and check ups along with dog insurance will cost about $485. For miscellaneous costs like license, toys, miscellaneous items and basic training the annual cost starts at around $245. Then a good quality dog food and dog treats will be about another $270 a year. This gives an annual starting figure of $1000.
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As mentioned the Eurasier is a rare dog but it does have some numbers in the US and more in Canada. It is an attractive, devoted, smart and friendly dog that makes a great family companion and is suited to owners who can be around more but you do not have to be super active, as long as you can manage about 45 minutes a day. It will need good socialization to help it around strangers, children and other animals and it does shed so will need regular grooming.