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The Basset Artesien Normand

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 Basset Artesien Normand

The Basset Artesien Normand is a medium sized purebred from France also known by many variations of the name such as Artesian Norman Basset, Basset Artesiano de Normandia, Basset Artsien Normand, Basset Artésien Normand, Basset Norman, Norman Artesian Basset and then by the letters BAN. The word basset means it is a short legged breed with a long body and it was bred to be a hunting hound. Several different French hounds were used in its development including the Normandy and Artois hounds. It is one of 6 French Basset Hound breeds. While it is a popular breed in its native France today, it is not so elsewhere, being quite rare in places like the US.

The Basset Artesien Normand at A Glance
Name Basset Artesien Normand
Other names Artesian Norman Basset, Basset Artesiano de Normandia, Basset Artsien Normand, Basset Artésien Normand, Basset Norman, Norman Artesian Basset
Nicknames BAN
Origin France
Average size Medium
Average weight 33 to 44 pounds
Average height 12 to 14 inches
Life span 13 to 15 years
Coat type Short, smooth
Hypoallergenic No
Color Black, white, fawn
Popularity Not a registered member of the AKC
Intelligence Good/average – fairly clever dog
Tolerance to heat Very good – can handle most forms of weather
Tolerance to cold Very good – as above
Shedding Average – will be some hair around the home so be prepared to vacuum daily
Drooling Moderate – not especially prone to slobber or drool
Obesity Average to above average – make sure food is measured
Grooming/brushing Low to moderate – brush once or twice a week
Barking Occasional to frequent – less vocal than other hounds but some can be more than others
Exercise needs Moderately active – will need daily exercise though
Trainability Moderate – experience helps
Friendliness Very good – social and happy dog
Good first dog Good – best with experienced owners though
Good family pet Very good with socialization
Good with children Very good with socialization
Good with other dogs Very good with socialization
Good with other pets Moderate to good – socialization is needed as has a high prey drive
Good with strangers Good with socialization – may be wary at first
Good apartment dog Good – can adapt to apartment living as long as it gets outside each day but enjoys having a yard to explore
Handles alone time well Low – does not like being left alone for long periods
Health issues Fairly healthy – some issues can include back problems, ear infections, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia
Medical expenses $460 a year for basic health care and pet insurance
Food expenses $145 a year for treats and a good quality dry dog food
Miscellaneous expenses $225 a year for license, miscellaneous items, basic training and toys
Average annual expenses $830 as a starting figure
Cost to purchase $1,200
Rescue organizations None breed specific, look to local shelters and rescues
Biting Statistics None reported
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The Basset Artesien Normand's Beginnings

Many hundreds of years ago breeders were not as careful about the breeding and mixing of dogs and it often occurred. In Saint Hubert Monastery in France were the first written records showing dog breeding starting to become more organized. The monks there developed a hunting hound called the Saint Hubert Hound or Bloodhound in the years between between 750 and 900. This hound inspired other breeders and huntsmen to develop their own hound best suited to their region.

The Basset Artesien Normand is an ancient dog from Normandy, France (hence the Norman in its name) bred around the middle ages where it was used to hunt with and was especially popular with nobility and royalty there and in the rest of Europe too. Hunting was a favored past time back then and hunting with hounds was a form of entertainment and a chance for nobles to meet, socialize and go over politics. However few kept good records like the monks so exact origins are not known on all of them. How the Basset was developed is not known either, some think they were developed using just French hounds, some thing other smaller breeds were used too. It is known that the Basset version of the Normand hound was around by the 1600s.

In the late 1700s a version of the Basset came to George Washington in the US though it is not known exactly which Basset breed it was. In France the French Revolution affected the numbers of a great number of hunting hounds. Several became extinct but Bassets proved popular still even with commoners as hunters on foot could keep up with their short legs and still hunt with them. In the mid to late 1800s the BANs popularity grew as Napoleon himself was a big fan. Then came the rise and popularity of dog shows and it became more well known internationally. The breeding was standardized and two lines emerged from two key breeders focusing on separate things. Lane bred for hunting ability and Le Couteaux bred for appearance. Then when it went over to England they preferred their hounds to be heavier so crossed it with some other dogs and created British Artesian Normands that then became a new breed the Basset Hound. This version drew international popularity far more than the BAN ever did.

New Lease on Life

In 1910 a breed club was formed in France and it was given its current name in 1924. It was recognized by the French Kennel Club and is becoming slowly more known by dog fanciers in the UK and the US. It is not yet recognized by the AKC but in 1995 it was recognized by the UKC. The numbers of dog though outside of France remain very small.

The Dog You See Today

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BAN are medium sized dogs weighing 33 to 44 pounds and standing just 12 to 14 inches tall. Its ratio of height to length of body is 5:8. It has short straight fat legs with often white feet, and it does resemble the more well known Basset Hound but is slimmer and lighter than it. It has a rounded chest, a neck that is a little dewlapped and a tail that is long (though not as long as many hounds) and held upright like a saber. Its coat is short and smooth and common colors are fawn, white and black. It can be bicolored or tricolored. Its head is domed and it has low set long ears that are droopy, cone shaped, soft and large. Its dark eyes are big in a somewhat slim face with a long snout that ends with a large distinctive black nose. It has hairy cheeks and a bit of extra skin on its face and lips though not as much as Basset Hounds have.

The Inner Basset Artesien Normand

Temperament

The Basset Artesien Normand is a brave and headstrong dog which is part of why it is so good as a hunting dog. It also has qualities that make it a great companion, it is good natured, reliable, affectionate and loyal. It barks occasionally to frequently so some training to stop it on command may be needed. It is not an aggressive dog especially not towards people but it is protective so if it perceives someone is a threat to their owners or home it will warn and take action if needed. It forms close attachments with its family and in general should be eager to please and obedient.

While the BAN is fairly laid back it can be full of energy and it is intelligent. It is a friendly dog and when strangers arrive it will bark but still greet in a friendly way. For that reason it is not necessarily going to be a great watchdog. It needs owners with some experience ideally, and ones who are active and happy to see it gets the exercise it needs. In general it barks less than other hounds though of course individual dogs will vary. Its bark is deep and loud though and it has other vocalizations including baying so this is not for owners who want a quiet dog.

Living with a Basset Artesien Normand

What will training look like?

Training these dogs should be moderately easy as long as you are calm, confident and consistent. Experience is very useful here as this breed can be strong minded. However it is usually also eager to please and that along with its intelligent means for those who know what they are doing, or have done their homework, it is not too hard. Results will be gradual but they will come. Stay positive and encourage it, praise it, motivate it using fun methods and treats. Keep the training interesting, fun and the sessions short. It can have selective hearing so be prepared. Early socialization is very important too as part of its training and upbringing. Introduce it to different people, situations, animals, places and sounds so that it learns how to react appropriately to them and matures into a more confident, happier and trustworthy dog.

How active is the Basset Artesien Normand?

The Basset Artesien Normand is fairly active being from a hunting background. If you are not keeping it has a hunting dog where it goes out regularly and burns off a lot of its energy, you will need to have several other options in place to see it gets enough physical and mental stimulation. Take it for a couple of walks a day, of a good length, keeping it leashed as if it catches an interesting scent it will go off after it. Also allow it time off leash somewhere safe where it can run and play with you, and even socialize like a dog park. It should have access to a yard it can explore so is best in home larger than an apartment really. Yards need to be well fenced as it can dig its way out to go after an interesting scent. It can adapt to apartment living though if given enough walks and play time. Its short legs means it is not especially fast, but it was bred for endurance and stamina and it is strong and athletic, so it can be active for longer than many people realize. If under exercised and not given mental stimulation it will become bored, restless and hyperactive, destructive, vocal and hard to live with. It could also gain weight which would lead to more back problems.

Caring for the Basset Artesien Normand

Grooming needs

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BANs are easy to groom with their short smooth coat and will not need a lot of it so are certainly not high maintenance. Use a rubber brush on its coat once or twice a week, or after an outing where it has collected some debris. It does shed an average amount so clean up of loose hair will be needed. Only give it a bath and shampoo when it really needs one to avoid drying out its natural oils. Make sure the ears are dried after it gets wet to help prevent ear infections. Professional grooming is rarely needed if at all.

Other general care will include brushing its teeth at least two to three times a week using a dog toothpaste and toothbrush, clipping its nails when they get too long, and keep its ears clean and checking them for infection signs. The latter should be done weekly, infection signs would include a redness or swelling, possible some irregular discharge, the dog scratching at them and showing signs of irritation. When cleaning the ears never insert anything down into them as that can hurt them and cause permanent damage to the ear. Just wipe the areas you can reach with a cotton ball and dog ear cleanser solution, or even a damp cloth. If you choose to cut its nails yourself make sure you use proper dog nail clippers and that you do not cut too far down into the quick of the nail. There are blood vessels and nerves there that if cut can cause a lot of pain and bleeding.

Feeding Time

A BAN will likely eat around 1 1/2 to 3 cups of a good quality dry dog food, split into at least two meals a day. How much exactly can vary depending on how old your dog is, its level of activity, size, general health and metabolism rate. As well as feeding it make sure it has water at all times and that you change it often.

How is the Basset Artesien Normand with children and other animals?

This dog is very good with children when it has been socialized and especially if raised with them. It can be gentle and also affectionate towards them and it likes to play as long as that play does not include putting things on its back, or young ones trying to sit on it. Make sure children are taught to be careful of its back and how to approach and play with it in a nice and safe way. It comes from a background of hunting in packs so it tends to get on fine with other dogs and is even good if you already have dogs in the home and are adding in a new one. It will possibly have some dominance issues at first though just until the pecking order has been established. Around other pets that socialization is even more important and it can be true that this is not the best dog to have if you have other non-canine pets in the home. It has strong instincts to chase them though it will not always attack them once they have them. Being raised with something like a cat means it can get on fine with it, but may still not be great around small strange animals.

What Might Go Wrong?

Health Concerns

Basset Artesian Normands have a life span of about 13 to 15 years and compared to other Basset breeds is actually one of the healthier options. It does have the usual problems these dogs have though, back problems, like ruptured disks and ear infections because of its droopy ears. Make sure it does not gain weight, that it does not jump from high up places, children do not press down on it and that you pick it up in a way that does not put stress in its back. Other issues can include hip dysplasia and hypothyroidism.

Biting Statistics

This is not a breed that is known to be especially aggressive towards people at all. When looking at records of people being attacked by dogs and having injuries severe enough to be called bodily harm in North America over the last 35 years, there is no mention of this dog. Of course it is not a common dog so it is less likely to appear in these kinds of statistics. Make sure any dog you get is one you can commit to in terms of the attention it needs and the care it needs. Basic obedience training and early socialization are also both key in lessening the odds on having any trouble when you are out with your dog.

Your Pup’s Price Tag

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A Basset Artesien Normand puppy is not going to be easy to find in the US or really anywhere if you are not in France! Puppies can cost around $1200 from a decent breeder but finding that breeder will take time. If you are looking to get on the waiting list of a top show breeder that will be an even longer waiting list and the price will go up even higher. Avoid the temptation of trying to speed it all up by considering less reputable breeders. It is not a good idea to get your animals from back yard breeders, pet stores or puppy mill type places. A great option to think about if you do not actually need your dog to be a purebred is checking out local rescues and shelters. While you may not commonly find purebreds there it is possible there is a mixed breed with a lot of love to give that will be your new best friend. Fees for adoption include covering some of its initial health care needs too! Those fees tend to be between $50 to $400.

Once you have found the dog for you, there are some initial costs that will come up for things like health needs and for items it will need at home. The latter includes things like a crate, carrier, bowls, leash and collar and come to around $200. As soon as you have it home you should make an appointment with a vet. It needs to have a physical examination, some blood tests done, be vaccinated and dewormed. If old enough it can also be spayed or neutered and have a micro chip put in. These things will cost around $270.

Then there are ongoing costs as well, things like food, toys, license and miscellaneous items for example. The BAN will cost you an estimated yearly cost of $830. That covers $460 for basic health care like shots, flea and tick prevention, check ups and pet insurance too. $225 of it should cover some of those miscellaneous costs like license, toys, basic training and miscellaneous items. Then the last $145 is an estimated cost for feeding your dog. Make sure to use a good quality dry dog food and dog treats.

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  • Basset Artesien Normands have a lot to offer. They are friendly, happy, loyal and affectionate and are great hunting companions. If not used to hunt with it does need active owners happy to go out at least a couple of times a day for good long walks. Care needs to be taken with its back, and it can be prone to ear infections too. It is not low shedding but its grooming needs are very easy to meet.

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