Some Common Reproductive Problems

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Silent Heat.

This term refers to a bitch that is in estrus but is not exhibiting vulvar swelling and vaginal bleeding.

Silent Heat.

This term refers to a bitch that is in estrus but is not exhibiting vulvar swelling and vaginal bleeding.

Prolonged Heat.

This term refers to a bitch that remains in estrus for more than 21 days. This condition is usually the result of excessive levels of estrogen due to ovarian tumors or follicular cysts.

Vaginitis.

This infectious disease occurs when pathogenic bacteria invade the vagina and cause infection.

Pyometra.

This disease occurs when the uterus has been under the sustained effect of high levels of progesterone and ideal conditions for bacterial growth.

Cryptorchidism.

This inherited trait is the failure of one or both testicles to descend. Dogs with neither testicle descended are sterile.

Orchitis.

This is an infection of the testicles.

Balanoposthitis.

This is an infection of both the penis and prepuce.

False Pregnancy.

This condition refers to a nonpregnant bitch acting as if she was pregnant. The condition is caused by progesterone produced by corpora luteal cysts in the ovaries.

Dystocia.

This term refers to prolonged or difficult labor caused by a physical blockage or uterine inertia.

Mastitis.

This term refers to an infection and inflammation of the bitch's mammary glands (normally five pairs).

Brucellosis.

This disease, which is caused by the bacterium Brucella canis, is a well-recognized cause of abortions and stillbirths.